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There is a fortress whide is located 4 km to the north of Talistan village in Ismayilli district, on the bank of the Agsuchay river. It was constructed in the VII centry and called as the Girdman Fortress (also Javanshir Fortress). Girdman was a state of the Caucasian Albania which people is the ones of ancestors of Azerbaijan nation. Albania is Latin, and denotes "mountainous land". This historical kingdom should not be confused with modern-day Albania in south-eastern Europe. Presiding prince of the Girdman region was Javanshir (also spelled Jevanshir or Dzhavanshir, Azerbaijani: Cavansir, "Cavan" - young and "Sir" - lion, literally "the young lion"), whose deeds are the subject of legends and epic.
He came of the Mihranid dynasty (630-705) founded by his father, Varaz Gregory, who was the first Girdmanian prince to become the ruler of all-Albania. Javanshir succeeded him in 635, and fought against the Arab invasion of caliph Umar on the side of the Sasanid Iran. In 637, he led an Albanian army took part in the Battle of Cadisis between the Persian and Arab armies. After the Sassanid defeat in 642, Javanshir concluded the alliance with the Byzantine emperor Constans II. Facing the threat of the Arab invasion on the south and the Khazar offensive on the north, Javanshir had to recognize the Caliph’s suzerainty, a move, which would prove to be a turning point in the country’s history.
As a result of diplomatic trials in the time of Javanshir’s ruling Albania in creased its power and image. At the beginning of 4th century the Christianity was announced as an official state religion. There were built many beautiful temples in the country. But the belief of inhabitants to heathenism, manysm, parsism still was largely separated. In 5th century the Albanian alphabet and writing were prepared.
Javanshir was assassinated, in 669, by the oppositionist nobles, whose power he had tried to restrict. After his death Albania was accupied by Arabian Caliphate and began a process of Islamic changes in the country.
But Albania, losing its political independence, wholly passed under the dependence of Arabians with a name "Aran province".
In 7th–8th century the territory of Azerbaijan become a center of continuous wars. In order to occupy this important strategic area Azerbaijan was continuously attacked by Caliphate from one side and Bysans with Khasars from other. In 735 Arabians gained a whole victory over Khasars and become rulers over the territory. The inhabitants were bored with continuous attacks and the later hard tax policy of Arabians. Misappropriation by feudal lords and expensive taxes caused a panted displeasure of people. At the beginning of 9th century it started in Azerbaijan a movement Khurramies against Arabians. This great independence movement, lated approximately 30 years under the first leadership of Javidan and next on of Babek mainly influenced to the Caliphate and rocked it to its foundations.
However, the Iranian and Arabic tyranny, lasting for 600 years could not destroy ancient traditions of state organization in Azerbaijan. The process of formation of Azerbaijani nation continued even in conditions of constant unbearable invasions and persecution.
The most ancient models of material culture in the territory of Azerbaijan are from the 8th millennium BCE. Ancient megalith monuments, herdsman stones, dolmens, caves, defense buildings, burial mounds, metallic instruments pottery and jewelry were typical of Azerbaijani households of that period. The national cultural and aesthetical ideations are reflected on rock carvings. The Azikh cave (with a length of 215-220 meters) near the town of Fuzuli proves that Azerbaijan is one of the most ancient dwelling - places of humankind in the world.
Of exceptional importance to serve as examples of ancient models of fine art are the rock carvings in Gobustan, in the Ayichingili and Parichingil Mountains near Zalkha lake in the Kalbadjar region during the Bronze epoch (3rd millennium BCE), and rock carvings into the Gamigaya Mountain in the north of the town of Ordubad. The rock carvings "Boyukdash", "Kichikdash", "Jingirdagh", and "Shongardagh" portray the lifestyle of ancient peoples, their housing and labor. Dynamic scenes, pictures of people and animals, episodes of hunting, cattle-breeding, farming, and other spheres of life, were perfectly carved into rock. The rock carvings in Gobustan, which are known as pictograms, cover a long historical period from primitive communal order to feudalism.